Get Started With the DHT11 Humidity and Temperature Sensor

Read the temperature and humidity with DHT11 and Arduino

Written By: Madeleine Schappi

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Difficulty
Easy
Steps icon
Steps
8

Introduction

Sometimes, you will want to be able to read both the temperature and humidity in your surroundings. 

In this guide, you will learn how to use a DHT11 temperature and humidity sensor with the Arduino. 

Doing so will enable you to progress onto working on further projects such as a greenhouse control device or a DIY weather station.

Step 1   Insert the DHT11 Into the Breadboard

  • Insert the DHT11 Into the Breadboard

Step 2   Bridge DHT11 Pin 1 and Pin 2 with a 10K Resistor

  • Bridge DHT11 Pin 1 and Pin 2 with a 10K Resistor.
  • This resistor will pull up the signal line.

Step 3   Connect Ground to the DHT11

  • Connect Ground to the DHT11

Step 4   Connect 5V to the DHT11

  • Connect 5V to the DHT11

Step 5   Connect the DHT11 to Digital Pin 2

  • Connect the DHT11 to Digital Pin 2

Step 6   Install the SimpleDHT Library

  • Install the SimpleDHT Library.

Step 7   Upload the code

#include 

// for DHT11,
//      VCC: 5V or 3V
//      GND: GND
//      DATA: 2
int pinDHT11 = 2;
SimpleDHT11 dht11;

void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600);
}

void loop() {
  // start working...
  Serial.println("=================================");
  Serial.println("Sample DHT11...");

  // read without samples.
  byte temperature = 0;
  byte humidity = 0;
  int err = SimpleDHTErrSuccess;
  if ((err = dht11.read(pinDHT11, &temperature, &humidity, NULL)) != SimpleDHTErrSuccess) {
    Serial.print("Read DHT11 failed, err="); Serial.println(err);delay(1000);
    return;
  }

  Serial.print("Sample OK: ");
  Serial.print((int)temperature); Serial.print(" *C, ");
  Serial.print((int)humidity); Serial.println(" H");

  // DHT11 sampling rate is 1HZ.
  delay(1500);
}
  • Upload this code to your Arduino

Step 8   Open the Serial Port

  • Open your Serial Port and look at the Temperature and Humidity!
  • Be sure to be using a Baud rate of 9600.
  • Breath on your Sensor and look at what happens!
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