# Tilt Sensor with micro:bit

## Learn to use a tilt sensor with micro:bit

Written By: Cherie Tan

Difficulty
Easy
Steps
11

### Introduction

A tilt sensor is a type of sensor that allows the detection of orientation, and are tiny, inexpensive and low-power components. They can be used as a simple way to detect orientation.

How it works: Tilt sensors are typically cylindrically shaped tubes with a conductive object such as a rolling ball contained within. When the sensor is tilted downwards, the conductive ball no longer completes the circuit. But when returned to the normal upward position, the balls make contact and the circuit is completed.

In this guide, we will learn to connect the tilt sensor to a micro:bit, and make it turn an LED on and off. Completing this guide will enable you to use the tilt sensor in your own projects.

### Step 1   The Module

• Before we begin, let's take a closer look at the tilt sensor module. It has three pins:

DO: Digital Output

GND: In electronics, we define a point in a circuit to be a kind of zero volts or 0V reference point, on which to base all other voltage measurements. This point is called  ground or GND.

3.3V  :  'VCC' stands for Voltage Common Collector, we'll connect the VCC pin to 3.3V on the micro:bit

• Voltage is the difference in potential between two points. As it is difficult to talk about voltage without a reference point, we need another point to compare it to.

### Step 9   MakeCode for LED

```let sensorVal = 0
pins.setPull(DigitalPin.P0, PinPullMode.PullUp)
basic.forever(function () {
if (sensorVal == 0) {
pins.digitalWritePin(DigitalPin.P1, 1)
} else if (sensorVal == 1) {
pins.digitalWritePin(DigitalPin.P1, 0)
}
})
```
• First, head over to MakeCode editor
• Click on 'New Project'
• Copy and paste the following into the Javascript interface.

### Step 10   Add some arrows

```let sensorVal = 0
pins.setPull(DigitalPin.P0, PinPullMode.PullUp)
basic.forever(function () {
if (sensorVal == 0) {
pins.digitalWritePin(DigitalPin.P1, 1)
basic.showLeds(`
. . # . .
. . # . .
# . # . #
. # # # .
. . # . .
`)
} else if (sensorVal == 1) {
pins.digitalWritePin(DigitalPin.P1, 0)
basic.showLeds(`
. . # . .
. # # # .
# . # . #
. . # . .
. . # . .
`)
}
})
```
• Copy and paste this code into the Javascript interface.
• Here, 'basic.showLeds' is used. We've programmed it so that the first one shows a downwards pointing arrow, and the second one shows an upwards arrow.

### Step 11   Upload the hex file

• Alright, it's time to upload an test the MakeCode. Connect a microUSB cable from the micro:bit to your computer
• Click on the 'Download' button on the bottom left corner of MakeCode editor.